What Were the Effects of the 1900 Buganda Agreement
- März 5, 2022
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There were many effects that emerged from the signing of the Buganda Agreement of 1900. One of the notable effects of the Buganda Agreement was the abolition of the ultimate functions of kabakaship. The Kabaka was deprived of its right to legislate and lost its authority and control over the Lands of Buganda, giving rise to the system of individual land ownership. Buganda was also able to see how the existing political organization was mixed. The existing chiefs were placed under the authority of a representative of the colonial government, known as the European District Officer, to whom they were subjected. Assuming that the area of the Kingdom of Uganda, as it is within the boundaries specified in the Agreement, is 19,600 square miles, it will be divided into the following shares: At the time of signing the Agreement, the number of areas allocated has been estimated. After consultations, the Contracting Parties had to sit down and conclude what the agreement had decided after the award. This resulted in the allocation of the Buganda of 1913 Agreement.As according to Article 15, the natives who did not fall into the categories of people to whom the land was allocated were rendered landless. They became squatters. The agreement also introduced the tax system to finance the new administrative structure. On Tuesday, March 10, the 120th anniversary of the Kingdom of Buganda, under Kabaka (King) Daudi Chwa, jumped into bed with the British.
The signing of the agreement not only took away the kingdom`s rights, but also paved the way for paternalism and looting of other parts of Uganda. The agreement enshrined British rule in Buganda and also gave the Baganda the opportunity to extend their influence to other parts of the country. Territories that were not below the kingdoms were taken over by Buganda`s neocolonial agents such as Semei Kakungulu. The Uganda Agreement of March 1900 (or the Treaty of Mengo) formalized the relationship between the Kingdom of Uganda and the British Protectorate of Uganda.  It was amended by the Buganda Convention of 1955 and the Buganda Convention of 1961. At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Equatorial Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, urged the British authorities to take control of Uganda.  On May 29, 1893, a treaty between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga unofficially secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another treaty with Colonel H.E.
Colvile, who promoted the conventional takeover of the territory.  Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as determined by the Berlin Conference, was within the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached as opposed to a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto.  The objective of this study is to assess the political and social impact of the Buganda Agreement of 1900 on the People of Uganda. One of the effects of the Buganda Agreement was the removal of the ultimate functions of the Kabakaship, namely the power of the Kabaka to enact all laws for all Baganda, making the Kingdom of Buganda independent of Kaba. By establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the Colvile Agreement of 1894 formalized Uganda`s promise that Uganda would receive certain areas in exchange for its support for bunyoro.  Two of the „lost counties“ (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the 1964 referendum on Uganda`s lost counties.  The Ugandan Agreement (alternatively the Treaty of Mengo) of March 1900 formalized relations between the Kingdom of Uganda and the British protectorate of Uganda.  It was amended by the Buganda Agreement of 1955 and the Buganda Agreement of 1961. Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Uganda Agreement of 1900 contained clear boundaries of the Ugandan kingdom, a system of land ownership and a fiscal policy.  The agreement was negotiated by Alfred Tucker, Bishop of Uganda, and signed, among others, by Bugandas Katikiro Apollo Kagwa on behalf of kabaka (Daudi Cwa II), who was still an infant at the time, and Sir Harry Johnston on behalf of the British colonial government. The Kingdom of Uganda is subject to the same customs regulations, doorman regulations, etc., which may be introduced with the consent of His Majesty for the Protectorate of Uganda in general, which in a sense may be called external taxation, but no other internal taxation other than the hut tax is imposed on the natives of the province of Uganda without the consent of the Kabaka.
who must be guided in this matter by the majority of the votes of his or her home counsel. Plantations and other private properties of the Namasole 16 square miles (NOTE: – If the current Kabaka died and another Namasole was named, the existing one would be allowed to keep as personal property 6 square miles and hand over 10 square miles as the foundation of each subsequent Namasole.) The agreement stipulated that the Kabaka were to exercise direct domination over the indigenous people of Buganda, who administered justice through the Lukiiko and their officials.  He also consolidated the power of the largely Protestant Bakungu client chiefs, led by Kagwa. The British sent only a few officials to administer the country and relied mainly on the Bakungu chiefs. For decades, they were favored for their political skills, Christianity, friendly relations with the British, ability to raise taxes, and Entebbe`s proximity to the Ugandan capital. In the 1920s, British administrators were more confident and had less need for military or administrative support.  As for the allocation of the 8,000 square miles among the 1,000 private landowners, it will be left to the decision of the Lukiko, with an appeal to the Kabaka. The Lukiko will be empowered to decide on the validity of claims, the number of applicants and the amount of land granted, assuming that the total amount of land thus distributed among chiefs and allocated to Indigenous landowners cannot exceed 8,000 square miles. Buganda would now be a protectorate province and transformed into a constitutional monarchy, greatly strengthening the power of the Lukiiko (Consultative Council) and reducing the role of the Kabaka.
 The British were also given the right to veto future Kabaka decisions and control over many other appointments.  These provisions on the role of kabaka and Lukiiko were largely annulled by the Buganda Agreement of 1961.   Assuming that the territory of the Kingdom of Uganda, which extends within the boundaries specified in the agreement, is 19,600 square miles, it is divided in the following proportions: The Uganda Herald newspaper of August 14, 1914 reproduces the oath: „I swear daudi Chwa, I swear that I will have served our sovereign Lord, King George V, good and good in the Kabaka office of Buganda to clean the affection of goodwill according to the law and the use of the Ugandan protectorate without fear or preference. This is how God helps me. The British wanted not only to be the masters of the kingdom and its people, but also to have a say in the next Kabaka. .