What Were The Effects Of The 1900 Buganda Agreement
Made in Mengo, Kingdom of Uganda, March 10, 1900. If it is estimated that the territory of the Kingdom of Uganda, which consists within the borders of the agreement, amounts to 19,600 square miles, it is divided into the following proportions: Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Ugandan Convention of 1900, a land ownership system and a tax policy.  5. The laws enacted by Her Majesty`s Government for the General Management of the Ugandan Protectorate also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they conflict with the provisions of this agreement, in which case the provisions of that agreement constitute a particular exception with respect to the Kingdom of Uganda. The three regents – Sir Apollo Kaggwa, Zakaria Kisingiri and Stanislas Mugwanya – then signed on behalf of Chwa, while Sir Harry Johnson signed on behalf of King Edward VII. In accordance with Article 6 of the agreement, Kabakaship ceded its authority and power to the colonialists. As long as Kabaka, the chiefs and the people of Uganda comply with the laws and regulations established for their organization and management of the Kingdom of Uganda in question, Her Majesty`s Government agrees to recognize Kabaka as the indigenous ruler of Buganda province under the protection and rule of Her Majesty,” Article 6 of the agreement states. The agreement stipulated that Kabaka should exercise direct control over the indigenous people of Buganda, who administer justice by Lukiiko and its officials.  He also consolidated the power of Bakungu`s majority-Protestant client leaders, led by Kagwa. The British sent few civil servants to run the country and relied mainly on the Bakungu chiefs.
For decades, they have been privileged because of their political abilities, their Christianity, their friendly relations with the British, their ability to collect taxes and Entebbe`s proximity to Uganda`s capital. In the 1920s, British administrators were more confident and needed less military or administrative support.  In establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the 1894 Colvile Agreement formalized the promise that Uganda would obtain certain areas in exchange for their support against Bunyoro.  Two of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the referendum on lost counties in Uganda in 1964.  Buganda would now be a province of the protectorate and would be transformed into a constitutional monarchy, greatly strengthening the power of the Lukiiko (Advisory Council) and reducing the role of Kabaka.  The British also won the right to veto future Kabaka decisions and to control many other appointments.  These provisions relating to the role of Kabaka and Lukiiko were largely repealed by the Buganda Convention of 1961.  The country of Mailo was subdivided between members of the royal family, Reich officials and a few individuals.