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Williams Treaties First Nations Settlement Agreement

The $1.1 billion $US subdivision is $85 per hectare for land that the Crown says has been “abandoned” under the Williams contracts from the shore of Lake Ontario to Lake Nipissing in the north from Lake Huronee in the east to the Ottawa River. “The Government of Canada apologizes for past injustices in the Treaties Of 1923 and deeply deplores the many injustices, difficulties and outrages these treaties have created for members of the Community over the past 95 years. There is no way to go back to the past, but with this historic colony, we can write together a new chapter that rebuilds trust, celebrates contractual rights and strengthens our current contractual relationships for the sake of seven future generations. Under the CIRNAC regime, First Nations can use the funds to purchase land on a willing-sell/will-buyer basis and request that Canada add the country to their reserve country base. Earlier in the day, the Government of Canada, the Province of Ontario and the seven Williams First Nations contracts announced that the Federal Court of Justice had granted a stay of the Alderville trial after the parties entered into a negotiated settlement agreement to settle the dispute. With the signing of the contracts, the crown received three regions: the first was between the Etobicoke River and the Trent River and was framed by the north shore of Lake Ontario, the second extended northward from the first to Lake Simcoe. Together, these wings represented about 6,475 km2. The third region is 45,584 km2 and was between the Ottawa River and Lake Huron. In exchange, the peoples of Mississauga and Chippewa received a one-time payment of US$25 per member of the group. Mississauga also received $233,425, while Chippewa received $233,375 (both were one-time payments). This money represented a fraction of the estimated value of their country. Following this defeat, the Hiawatha First Nation and other First Nations entered into Williams Treaty agreements with the Ontario government, which provided for limited harvesting rights, including the Community Conservation Harvest Agreement (signed with the New Democratic Party 1995) and Aboriginal Communal Fishing License (developed in collaboration with the federal government). However, these agreements were short-lived; Prime Minister Mike Harris` government cancelled it later that year.

“Rama First Nation joins the Williams Contract Directorate to celebrate the conclusion of the work our ancestors began so long ago, the dissolution of this long-standing claim. The restoration of harvesting rights in our territories is part of our cultural identity that has jeopardized these treaties. G`chi miigwech to the members of the Williams contracts who contributed to these efforts and to the leaders, past and present, who continued to insist that this assertion be resolved. This historic colony paves the way for a better future in our communities for many generations. “This settlement is an important step in reconciliation between the Williams Treaties, First Nations and Canada and Ontario. I look forward to the ambition that parishioners and leaders must invest the colony`s revenues in a better future with new opportunities. The Alderville Litigation was first filed in 1992 by the seven First Nations – Alderville First Nation Beausoleil Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation Chippewas of Rama First Nation Curve Lake Hiawatha and Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation and was tried in 2012. In 1992, the seven Williams Treaties First Nations filed a complaint against the federal government – Alderville Indian Band et al. Her Majesty, the Queen et al., sought financial compensation for the surrender of the land and the harvesting rights of 1923. In May 2012, the trial entered the first phase, during which profile witnesses selected by the municipality testified on behalf of their municipality.

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